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Factors Affecting Fertility

When you decide the time has come to try to start a family of your own, one of the most important things you can do is learn about your fertility. If you understand the factors affecting fertility, you’ll have some insight into how long it could take you to get pregnant, and the sort of things you can do to help – be they avoiding risks or pursuing things that will give you an advantage. Today OvuSense is here to help by explaining some of the factors that affect your fertility.

The Right Timing

Your fertility doesn’t just wax and wane over the course of your life – even within the span of your menstrual cycle there are times when you are more or less fertile. If you can identify the time when you are at peak fertility for the month and concentrate your attempts to conceive around this time – your fertile window – you can boost your chances of success.

OvuSense uses your basal body temperature to predict when you’re going to ovulate. When you know your ovulation date you can also pin down your fertile window: in the four days before you ovulate and the day after it, sperm stand the best chance of surviving long enough to reach the freshly ovulated egg while it’s still fertile, and of fertilising it.


There are plenty of different lifestyle factors that can affect your fertility. Smoking is one of the single most harmful things you can do to your reproductive health and drinking also has a serious impact on the health and lifespan of your reproductive cells. Fortunately, your body can recover quickly when it has the chance: if you can give up smoking altogether, you’ll have healthy eggs or sperm (depending on your gender) within three months.

Exercise can also affect your fertility – while a moderate amount of exercise is healthy, too much or too little can severely impact your chances of getting pregnant. Too much exercise can place your body under stress and deprive your reproductive system of the energy and nutrients it needs to work well. This leads to reduced and irregular ovulation, and an insufficient menstrual lining that harms the chances of an egg implanting.


While there’s no ‘cure all’ fertility diet, you can certainly give yourself a better or worse chance of getting pregnant by changing how you eat. Adding lots of leafy green vegetables to your diet gives you more of the building blocks bodies need for healthy eggs and sperm, as well as the electrolytes that go towards a regular and predictable menstrual cycle.

If you have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, changing when and how you eat can help! Eating most of your calories in your breakfast, with smaller meals at lunch and dinner time can help you lose weight over time, which can reduce the symptoms of PCOS. It also has the immediate effect of helping you ovulate more regularly, with studies showing that women with PCOS who follow this pattern ovulate up to 30% more than those who don’t.

To learn more about pregnancy and fertility issues visit PCOS