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A Short Luteal Phase

If you’re experiencing difficulties getting pregnant, then it’s natural for a lot of attention to fall on your follicular phase. That’s when your body prepares the egg that may be fertilised by sperm after ovulation, and if something’s going wrong during your follicular phase it can harm your chances of producing an egg and that egg’s chances of getting fertilised.

That doesn’t mean the follicular phase is the only important factor in your fertility. After your follicular phase comes ovulation, and the remainder of the menstrual cycle is called the luteal phase. Problems in the luteal phase, especially with its length, can impact your fertility in vital ways. Today we’re taking a look at this important part of your body’s preparations for pregnancy to help you understand it more, and compensate for a short luteal phase.

What Happens in the Luteal Phase?

After your ovaries have matured an egg to be released, your body turns its attention to your uterus. The build up of hormones since the end of your period has led to a thickening of the endometrial lining but in the luteal phase that lining receives more attention, with hormones directed at it that cause it take on an organised structure that helps the egg to anchor in it. If it’s successful, then that egg can begin to develop into a foetus and the lining can begin to develop into the placenta that nourishes it as it grows.

Luteal Phase Issues

One of the common issues that can affect your luteal phase is length: if your body doesn’t secrete enough progesterone your luteal phase can run short. This means your endometrial lining doesn’t develop enough, so the egg can’t anchor in it.

This means that even if your ovaries produce a healthy egg that can be successfully fertilised by healthy sperm, you can still find that you don’t get pregnant.

What is a Short Luteal Phase?

The length of the menstrual cycle is variable – both between different people and potentially from month to month with the same person. A ‘normal’ luteal phase can be between 11 and 17 days. Any shorter than that can affect your chances of pregnancy.

Identifying a short luteal phase means tracking when you ovulate and when your period is. Your period is the first day of a new cycle, and the day you ovulate is the transition from follicular phase to luteal phase. Counting the days between ovulation and period tells you how long your luteal phase is, and helps you identify any problems.

To learn more about your cycle and hear from Ovusense customers visit ovusense